We know that the way to reach another person on the Internet, we have to type an address into the url box on a computer. We type in a domain name. A domain name is a sequence of letters (a name) or a number(s). Domain Names must to be unique so computers know where to find each other.
ICANN (International Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) coordinates the unique identifiers across the world. In order to have one global internet, their coordination must be in place. ICANN also draws up contracts with each registrar and runs an accreditation system for registrars. It is these contracts that provide a consistent and stable environment for the domain name system; the internet.
ICANN was formed in 1998. It is a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with participants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet’s unique identifiers.
ICANN doesn’t control content on the Internet. It cannot stop spam and it doesn’t deal with access to the Internet. But through its coordination role of the Internet’s naming system, it does have an important impact on the expansion and evolution of the Internet.
We encourage you to continue your research in this area on the internet.